The World Bank (WB) organized the Second Human Capital Summit: Girls Learn Women Earn in Islamabad co-hosted by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). The summit was opened with remarks from Dr. Sania Nishtar, Special Assistant to the Prime Minister on Social Protection and Poverty Alleviation, and Dr. Shinichi Kitaoka, the President of JICA. In her inaugural statement, Dr. Nishtar said, “Government of Pakistan’s Ehsaas programme has a very serious intent to drive forward the agenda of women empowerment. Ehsaas stringently follows fifty percent rule across the board for women inclusion in all Ehsaas initiatives including interest free loans, scholarships and asset transfers. Likewise, Kafaalat that has recently been launched by the PM will ensure financial and digital inclusion of 7 million disadvantaged women across Pakistan who will now benefit from the monthly stipend of Rs. 2,000 along with access to bank accounts and affordable smart phones.” She further added, “In pursuance of the same agenda, the Prime Minister Imran Khan is groundbreaking the gamechanger, Ehsaas Amdan (income) programme on Feb 21, 2020 that is truly centered on socio-economic transformation of disadvantaged including 60% women through provision of small income generating assets such as livestock, material for small trade enterprises and agricultural inputs etc.” Dr. Kitaoka emphasized on the importance of investment in Human Capital. Representatives from the government, academia, development organizations, commercial banks, telecom industry, startup ecosystem, fashion industry, civil society and media also participated in the summit.